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Pangolin - Scaly and Unique

Pangolins are insectivorous mammals confined to the Afro-tropical and Indo-Malayan regions. They are also known as ‘Scaly Anteaters’ because of their structure and food habits. These burrowing mammals predominantly feed on termites and ants. Pangolins are unique because their bodies are covered with tough, overlapping scales.


In the presence of danger, pangolins quickly roll themselves up into a tight ball. In fact, the name ‘pangolin’ is derived from Malayan phrase 'pengguling' meaning the ‘rolling ball’. Pangolins are solitary, nocturnal creatures and are known to be good climbers. Pangolin limbs are stout and well adapted for digging. Each paw has five toes, and their forefeet have three long, curved, claws used to demolish the nests of termites and ants and to dig nesting and sleeping burrows. Pangolins shuffle on all four limbs, balancing on the outer edges of their forefeet and tucking their fore claws underneath as they walk. It’s a very interesting sight to observe these creatures walking.

With small conical heads and jaws lacking teeth, pangolins have amazingly long, muscular and sticky tongues that are perfect for reaching and lapping up ants and termites in deep cavities. Pangolins have poor vision, so they locate termite and ant nests with their strong sense of smell. A pangolin’s tongue is attached near its pelvis and last pair of ribs, and when fully extended, is longer than the animal’s head and body. At rest, a pangolin’s tongue retracts into a sheath in its chest cavity.

Pangolin2There are eight pangolin species in the world. Based on their distribution they are categorised as Asian and African pangolins. Four species inhabit Asia and four in Africa. Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla), Sunda pangolin (Manis javanica), Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) and Philippine pangolin (Manis culionensis) are the four Asian species. Cape or Temminck’s Ground pangolin (Smutsia temminckii), White-bellied or Tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis), Giant Ground pangolin (Smutsia gigantea) and Black-bellied or Long-tailed pangolin (Phataginus tetradactyla) are the African pangolin species. The Asian pangolins are distinguishable from their African counterparts by the presence of bristles which emerge from between the scales.


About the Indian Pangolin

Also known as the thick-tailed pangolin, M. crassicaudata is a distinctive animal that has an elongated tapering body, covered with large overlapping scales (11-13 around the body) which act like armour plates, except on the snout, chin, sides of the face, throat, belly and inner surface of limbs. These moveable scales are shed periodically. Scales may be regarded as hairs or rather as spines enormously enlarged and flattened. However, there are some thin, long, light-coloured hairs present in the bare parts. The shape and topography of scales change with wear and tear. Colour varies from different shades of brown to yellow, often depends on the colour of the earth of its den. Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) occurs in South Asia from parts of eastern Pakistan through much of India (excluding north-eastern portions) south of the Himalayas and Sri Lanka.



In Sri Lanka, Manis crassicaudata is the solitary species belonging to Order Pholidota. It has achieved a significance cultural value and it has been recorded throughout the lowlands, up to 1,100 MSL, often coinciding with the range of termites. It has been recorded in different types of tropical forests, mainly moist, dry deciduous, wet to semi-evergreen, thorn as well as grasslands.



Though terrestrial in habit, Indian pangolins are excellent climbers, using caterpillar locomotion, with the firm grip of forefeet on the tree. The tail provides auxiliary support. The pangolins are highly specialized in their feeding habits. They feed mainly on eggs and young and adult termites and ants by digging the termite or ant nests. Before digging the termite or ant nests, they utilize their sense organs, smell rapidly around the area to select the most suitable spot to start with and feed rapidly by extending its protrusible, long, thin, tongue into the galleries of nests. Due to absence of teeth, food is directly taken into the stomach and grinded with the help of strong musculature and pebbles collected during feeding. Pangolin burrows fall into one of two categories: feeding and living burrows. Feeding burrows are smaller than living burrows (though their sizes vary depending on the abundance of prey) and are created where there is a greater availability of prey. Living burrows are wider, deeper, more circular and are occupied for a longer time than feeding burrows, as they are mainly used to sleep and rest during the day. After a few months, the pangolin abandons the burrow and digs a new one close to a food source. However, it is not uncommon for the pangolin to shift back to an old burrow.

Pangolins are timid and inoffensive. When threatened, pangolins defend themselves by rolling up in a ball so that all the vulnerable parts of the body are protected. If needed, they lash out with their tail - the scales on which can easily cut a predator's skin. In addition they are also able to emit a noxious-smelling acid from glands near the anus, similar to that of a skunk, though pangolins are unable to spray the liquid. Male and female are found to occupy the same burrow with the young, but very little is known about the breeding habits. Gestation periods range from 65-70 days. Usually one offspring is born at a time. Pangolin mothers nurture their young in nesting burrows. A mother will protectively roll around her baby when sleeping or if threatened. Babies nurse for three to four months, but can eat termites and ants at one month. At that time the infant begins to accompany the mother outside of the burrow, riding on the base of her tail as she forages for insects.

Small Feline Predators of Sri Lanka

There are 36 species of small wild cats in the world, based on physical distinction and/or geographic separation; most species are further divided into sub-species. Sri Lanka has four species of wild cats: the Leopard (Panthera pardus), the Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus), the Jungle Cat (Felis chaus) and the Rusty-spotted Cat (Prionailurus rubiginous). All of them are considered nationally threatened, while the Leopard is considered a globally threatened species. None of the wild cats found in Sri Lanka are endemic.

This article focus on the ” 3 Small Cats of Sri Lanka”.

The Fishing Cat

The Fishing Cat is smaller than the Leopard and is found throughout the country including heavily populated suburbs of the capital city of Colombo. It is generally found in wetland habitats such as swamps, marshes, reed beds, mangroves and also visits man-made wetlands such as rice fields. Fishing Cat sometimes can be seen in the daytime in the marshes at Nawala. They are fairly common on the banks of the Bolgoda Lake. There are sights in Battaramulla and also in densely populated areas like Nugegoda as well.Fishing cat

Fishing cats are found discontinuously distributed throughout southern Asia, from Malaysia, Sumatra and Java in Indonesia and Sri Lanka going up to Nepal. The fishing cat has a long, sinuous body and looks like a half-grown leopard. It has a somewhat flattened tail. Its coat is light brown with dark brown irregular spots, fading to white underneath. The backs of its ears are black with a central white spot.

The fishing cat is a nocturnal animal. It moves about and looks for its food at night. It hunts and feeds on fish, small reptiles such as lizards, skinks, frogs and crabs. It has also been known to feed on birds and mammals. It is called Kola Diviya in Sinhala and also Handun Diviya in some areas. In Tamil, it is called Koddy Pilli.

The fishing cat has a double layer of fur so that when they are in the water they do not get wet down to the skin. There is a layer of short hair next to the skin. This is so dense that water cannot penetrate it. Like snug-fitting thermal underwear, this coat helps keep the animal warm and dry, even during its chilly fishing expeditions. Sprouting up through the first coat is another layer of long guard hairs, which gives the cat its pattern and glossy sheen. Their feet have webs between the toes but only halfway.

This helps them to swim easily. Its forepaws have unusually long phalanges (toes) and claws. They do not have full claw sheaths on their paws, so their claws are partially visible even when retracted. Cats have the ability to put out their claws when needed and retract them when not needed. This is to prevent the wear on the claws whilst walking on rough surfaces, etc.

Fishing cats contradict the belief that cats don’t like water. Powerful swimmers, they push themselves along with their webbed hind feet. They have been seen wading and swimming in shallow water, hunting for a variety of aquatic prey, including fish, frogs and toads, snails and crustaceans. They will also take small birds and mammals, snakes and domestic stock such as calves and young goats. Dens are constructed in dense shrubbery, reeds, hollow trees, in rocky crevices, or in other secluded locations. Kittens have been seen in the wild in April and June.

One to three, usually two, kittens are born after a 65 – 70-day gestation, and they weigh around 170 grams at birth. Their eyes are open after 15 days. They start eating flesh after about 50 days, and the kittens are weaned between four and six months.

Adult size is attained at eight to nine months, and the young are independent between 12 – 18 months. Captive individuals have lived to 12 years of age. The destruction of its wetland habitat is the primary threat facing this species of wildcat. It has been found that 50% of the Asian wetlands are disappearing. Fishing cats are also persecuted for taking domestic stock.


The Rusty Spotted Cat

Rusty Spotted Cat is the smallest wild cat in Sri Lanka, similar to the size of an ordinary domestic cat. It is also found in India. Though this cat is widespread, it is rare. The one that occurs in Sri Lanka is unique to the island at sub-species level (Felis rubiginosa phillipsi). It is also called Walbalala in Sinhala and Kadu Poonai in Tamil.

It is ubiquitous on the island, ranging from the mountains to the coastal areas in both the wet and dry lands but nowhere is it common. Its preferred habitats include forest and scrubland. However, it is an elusive animal that is rarely seen. The Rusty Spotted Cat is a nocturnal hunter and feeds mainly on insects, small birds, rodents, frogs and possibly small lizards as well as domestic fowl.The reproductive behaviour of rusty-spotted cats have been observed in captivity and is almost identical to the domestic cat. A litter of one to three kittens is born in a secluded den after a gestation of approximately 65 days.Rusty spotted cat 054

The kittens lack the rusty spotting of the adults and their irises are light blue.

Nothing is known of their development but it is probably much like that of domestic kittens. The rusty-spotted cat is nocturnal and spends a fair amount of its time in trees and shrubs. They are very territorial, but not much else is known about their behaviour in the wild. Breeding takes place once a year.

The coats of the kittens are duller than the adults. The Rusty-spotted Cat is named after its specific markings. The base fur is usually grey in colour and is covered by small rust red coloured spots which form into solid stripes along the back and on the top of the head – the underparts of the body, the chest bib and the chin are white. It is one of the smallest of the wild cat species, measuring up to about 18 inches in the body with a tail of no more than half its body length.


The Jungle Cat

The jungle cat inhabits the jungles and swamps of Egypt, around the Caspian Sea in Russia, Afghanistan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand and southeast China.

The Jungle Cat is smaller than the fishing cat. It is usually found amongst long grass and scrubland of the dry zone and rarely in the open jungle. It is known to feed on any creature it can overpower, including ground-nesting birds and small mammals such as gerbils, rats, mice and hares.jungle cat

The jungle cat looks like a large house (domestic) cat with a slightly shorter tail and longer legs. There is a difference between the males and females. The females are smaller. A male weighs about 15 pounds. They also jump into the water and catch fish. However, the jungle cats in Sri Lanka prefer a terrestrial life. The jungle cats in the northern parts of their range have a ground colouration of a greyish-brown, while those in the southern parts of their range are more yellowish red in colour. Markings are restricted to the face and legs, which are faint brown stripes. Their ears are tipped with dark brown to black hair. The jungle cat’s hunting technique is like that of most other cats, stalking and pouncing.

They have been observed feeding on rats, mice, hare, and can jump high in the air to catch jungle fowls and other large birds. They will even kill and eat baby deer, snakes and frogs. They are usually active in the daytime and have a den to go to in case of danger or to rest. The breeding season for the jungle cat is dependent on their range.

The gestation period is about eight weeks. Three or four kittens are born. When they are born the kittens have distinctive tabby markings on a medium grey background. The stripes gradually disappear. After eight weeks, the kittens are weaned and begin to separate from their mother at five to six months old.

Booking Conditions


This website is owned and operated by Eco Team Pvt Ltd and its successors and permitted assigns , having its principle business place at  20/63, Fairfield Gardens, Colombo 08, Sri Lanka.

Access to and use of this website / booking engine is conditional upon your acceptance of these terms and conditions. If you do not agree with any part of these terms and conditions, you must not use this website / booking engine.

These conditions apply to all tours/bookings carried out under the auspices of Eco Team (Pvt) Ltd. All prices are quoted in US Dollars. These conditions govern your relationship with Eco Team Pvt Ltd and set out details of Eco team's obligations in relation to any booking carried out on your behalf. Please read these conditions carefully before making a booking. Any use of the web site, or written communication with Eco Team Pvt Ltd for the purposes of travel arrangements, confirms that you are aged 18 or over and that you fully accept these booking conditions.

All information provided by you should be true and accurate and would be treated confidentially.



Accommodation reservations / ground arrangements made directly through this website, with Eco Team Pvt Ltd, whose business registration number in Sri Lanka is N(PVS)26634 will become confirmed once you have sent an on-line confirmation and provided your credit card details, and paid the total amount due OR any required deposits and when we acknowledge receipt of your full payment OR deposit. In some cases an initial non-refundable deposit may be charged.

On confirmation of a booking, you are deemed to have entered into a contract the terms of our booking conditions, which are governed by the existing laws in Sri Lanka.


Check in check out times of the Eco Team own and operated properties

Check-in time 1230 hours *Check-out time 1000 hours


Pet Policy

No pets allowed due to environmental reasons.    


Final Payment

If balance of payment is due for your travel arrangements, the balance payment must be paid by you before check-in to the property.


Methods of Payment

Payments for full or part payment for the travel arrangements may be made either by

1) bank transfer or

2) credit card (Visa, MasterCard )

If paid via bank transfer, all additional bank charges and fees related to the transfer will be borne by you.

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the secure internet payment gateway facility available on our website https://www.ecoteam.lk/online_booking.php


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Your payments are processed entirely on the Secure Payment Sites operated by The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited (HSBC) for Master, Visa. Your card details are not received or stored by Eco Team Pvt Ltd. in any form, and when you place an order as part of the checkout process you are automatically taken to the HSBC Secure Payment facility for Master , Visa .Your credit card information will be securely transmitted to HSBC transaction authorization using SSL 128-bit encryption. All payments are denominated in United State dollars (US$)


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Bank Draft Payment - Bank drafts should be addressed to

Eco Team Pvt Ltd. No: 20/63, Fairfield gardens, Colombo 08. Sri Lanka .

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Bank transfers should be made to


Name of the Bank

Bank of Ceylon


City Branch – Borella

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* Customer must pay all bank charges in the case of a bank transfer.



Bookings done 0 to 30 days to the arrival date, full payment is required.

Bookings done having more than 30 days to the arrival date, minimum 25% of the payable amount is required. Balance to be paid 30 days prior to arrival.

We reserve the right to cancel your booking in case of non-payment within the stipulated period.


Amendments and Cancellations

While we will use our best endeavours to provide all travel arrangements as confirmed, reasonable changes in the travel arrangements may be made after notifying You.


Cancellation Policy for Normal Bookings


You may cancel your booking at any stage, provided you do so in writing. To protect yourself against this eventuality you should ensure that you purchase travel insurance at the time of booking. In order to meet the administration & logistical costs incurred by us in handling a booking, the following cancellation charges will apply :

o   . 30 to 59 Days - 25 % of the tour cost will be charged

o   . 14 Days to 29 Days - 50 % of the tour cost will be charged.

o   . 8 Days to 13 Days - 75 % of the tour cost will be charged.

o   . Less than 7 days no refund.

*Eco Team should receive the cancellation in writing.

*Tour start day is not considered for computation of the period.


Cancellation Policy for Special Offers

Cancellation made on special offers is could be non-refundable. Please check the offer details.


Cancellation Policy for High Peak Period

Bookings made for or during the ‘High peak’ period (20th December 2016 to 10th January 2017) will be non-refundable.


Cancellation Policy for amended bookings

The cancellation policy will be applicable to the original date of arrival and not to the extended date of arrival. If the date of arrival is brought forward, the cancellation policy will be applicable to the amended date of arrival.


Child Policy of Eco Team own and operated properties

·         Children below 5 years- free of charge on existing bedding

·         Children between 6-12 years(up to maximum 02 children) sharing parents' room- 50% on meal rates only on existing bedding


Booking transfer between Eco Team own and operated properties

In case you wish to change your existing booking to another Eco Team property, you’re entitled to transfer the full sum of money towards the new booking and pay the balance. You may mail your changes to us. Should you require such a service. We will not be able to refund any excess money, instead you will be entitled to utilize against extra expenditure at the property during your stay.

If the reservation amount is less than the rate of the property you wish to be transferred too, then the balance payment must be done at the arrival. Transfer of bookings among properties is subject to availability.


Date Changes

If you wish to change the date of reservation, it can be done so by sending a mail to us online rate for the alternate reservation date(s) is less than the original rate, the excess money can be utilized against extra expenditure at the property during your stay.

If the online rate for the alternate reservation date(s) is higher than the original rate, the balance must be paid by you before departure.

Date changes will be done subject to availability.


Airport Transfers

Airport Transfers can be arranged at favourable rates. We would require your confirmed flight details to arrange and confirm airport transfers and rates for the same. Please send the details to us.


Overbooking Transfers

In the case where a property is overbooked we will request to transfer your booking to a similar or higher category property.

You may agree to be transferred or you may cancel the booking. If you agree to be transferred, then we will do so to the best of our ability and without any additional cost. If you wish to cancel the reservation at this point, we will do so without any penalties and refund the full amount (minus any bank charges)


Cancellation by us

Your booking is very important to us and as such will take all precautions necessary to ensure that your expectations are met however we reserve the right to cancel the booking in the event of any unforeseen circumstances, beyond our control and purview. In such an eventuality, we will make arrangements to return all monies paid by you and, wherever possible, offer an alternative tour of comparable type and quality for your consideration. Eco Team (Pvt) Ltd cannot be held liable for any incidental expenses that may be incurred by you during arrangements for a tour that is subsequently cancelled by us under the above terms & conditions.


Our liabilities & limitations

All itineraries are sample itineraries, intended to give you a general idea of the likely schedule. Numerous factors such as weather, road conditions, the physical ability of the participants etc. may dictate itinerary changes either before the tour or while on tour. We reserve the right to change any schedule in the interests of the tour participant / s safety, comfort and general well-being.

We shall not be responsible for any delays and alterations in the programme or expenses incurred directly or indirectly due to natural hazards, flight cancellations, and breakdown of transport, weather, sickness, landslides, political instability or any other incidents beyond our control.

We will not be held responsible for any losses incurred, injury or damage to person or property or otherwise in connection with any accommodation, transportation or other services, resulting directly or indirectly from fire, accident, breakdown of machinery & equipment, wars, civil disturbances, strikes, riots, thefts, pilferages, Medical epidemics, Sri Lankan customs department regulations, defaults, or any other causes beyond our control.

Our insurance policy does not cover your expenses related to any accident, sickness, loss due to theft, or any other reasons, unless our negligence is proven. Visitors are advised to seek such insurance arrangements in their home country. All baggage and personal property at all times are at the client's risk.


We accept responsibility for ensuring the holidays which you book with us are supplied as described and that the services we are contractually obliged to provide are to a reasonable standard.

There may be instances where alternative accommodation or services may need to be provided, in such instances we will ensure this is of a similar or superior standard.


Our Nature and Adventure Experiences

We are guided by our own policies involving from the community, environment, cultural suitability and sustainable prices that we have developed in line with nationally and internationally acceptable standards.

We aim to educate all stakeholders, including the guests, about the true meaning of ECO -TOURISM.


Booking (Reservation) Disputes

If a dispute arises with regard to a reservation made with Eco Team Pvt Ltd, we have the sole authority to cancel the reservation by informing the guest via email. The reservation amount will be refunded in full minus any bank charges to the credit card of the guest.


Health, Passport and Visas

It is your responsibility to ensure that you and other members of your party obtain the right inoculations and medical advice before you travel. Similarly, it is your responsibility to ensure that you and other members of your party have correct and valid passports, visas and have conformed to all other requirements pertaining to your travel arrangements before the holiday commences. Should you require assistance on this matter we will be pleased to make recommendations. We will not be held responsible for you travelling without the correct travel documents.


International and Domestic Air Booking

Reconfirmation of flight bookings is your responsibility. As Travel Arrangements may be booked to connect with international and domestic air flights it is Your or the travellers responsibility to keep us updated as to flight times and numbers.


Travel Insurance

You are strongly recommended to take out personal travel insurance, at the time of booking, for all members of your party. It is your responsibility to ensure that the insurance you purchase is adequate. Booking acceptance shall be deemed to include your confirmation that you have taken out such insurance.


Breakages and Damages

You will be responsible for any breakages, losses or damage caused by you or a member of your party during your stay in the accommodation. It is your responsibility to put right the damage or to make full payment to the hotel before departure and to indemnify us against any losses, damages or claims made against us.



You are responsible for compliance with all relevant regulations governing carriage by air or any other mode of transport and your stay during your holiday. If in the opinion of our suppliers/service providers and/or guide representative your behaviour is disruptive or causing distress, injury or danger to other clients, our staff or any other third party, your reservation may be terminated and we shall not be responsible for any costs or claims that are incurred.



If any of these Booking Conditions are invalid or unenforceable then subject to law, all other provisions of these Booking Conditions shall be and continue to be valid and enforceable.



We would wish to resolve amicably any reasonable complaint that we receive relating to the standard of service or accommodation arrangements.

If your complaint cannot be resolved locally you must follow this up by writing a formal complaint letter to us within 28 days of your return home incorporating all other relevant information. It is a condition of this agreement that you communicate any problem relating to the standard of service or accommodation arrangements to the relevant members of Eco Team who is providing services, during the stay. If still not resolved then follow this up with a written complaint. If you fail to follow this simple procedure we cannot accept responsibility as we have been deprived of the opportunity to investigate and rectify the matter.

Please mail your concerns to us.


Exclusions Of Liabilities

Eco Team Pvt Ltd. does not guarantee that all information available is free from errors or omissions but we will use all reasonable endeavours to correct any errors or omissions once notified of them. Our opinions are our own. Whilst we rigorously strive for accuracy, these opinions are necessarily subjective to some degree.

All recommendations, opinions expressed and prices regarding properties and/or destinations displayed are provided for guidance only. You agree as the user that the use of, or reliance upon, any of the content of the Eco Team website, and in particular any content recommending any accommodation, product or service, is done entirely at your risk. (Including content in subsequent itinerary documents sent to you)

Our website may contain links to websites operated by parties other than Eco Team. Those links are provided to you for your reference and convenience only. We do not own or control the content of those websites and are not responsible for their content or your use of them. We have endeavoured to portray and describe each hotel and/or service as best we can and also to provide the most up to date information through our website and other communications with you to the best of our knowledge.

We cannot be held liable for any discrepancies or differences that might arise between the content of our website (text, images etc), and any other 3rd party websites.

IN NO EVENT, Eco Team Pvt Ltd, and/or its servants, and/or agents and/or employees be liable for any indirect, incidental, special or consequential damages, loss of profits or revenue, even if such party has been advised of the possibility of such damages or responsible for any injury and/or damage and/or loss and/or impairment suffered and/or caused and/or occasions whatsoever or howsoever due to any reasons accidental other than wilful negligence  and/or forbearance of intentionally causing harm by Eco Team (Pvt.) Ltd., and/or its servants and/or agents and/or employees or persons or their personal effects during the activity and/or tour.


Electronic Communication

You communicate with us electronically whenever you visit our website or send emails to us. You consent to receive communications from us electronically. You agree that all notices, disclosures, agreements and other communications that we provide to you electronically satisfy any legal requirements that communications be in writing.

Eco Team Pvt Ltd accepts no liability for any virus or any other type of electronic infection that may be transferred through the site. Under no circumstance will we be liable for any loss or damage caused by a user’s reliance on information obtained through this site.



The copyright and all other Intellectual Property rights in all of the material on this website are owned by Eco Team Pvt Ltd. Copying of any part for commercial or business use is strictly prohibited.


Governing Law and Jurisdiction

When your booking is confirmed with us, a contract between Eco Team Pvt Ltd. and / or you is constituted. That contract and these Booking Terms and Conditions shall be governed in all respects by the laws of Sri Lanka.

construed in accordance with and governed in all respects by the laws of Sri Lanka and the Parties submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of Sri Lanka in respect of all legal proceedings which may arise in any way whatsoever out of this  Contract and Booking Terms and Conditions..



Force Majuro is defined as situation/condition such as acts of god, storms, fire, war, civil war, military action, government emergency orders, stop-order or strike as well as transportation accident, earthquake, tidal waves etc or other similar events beyond its control. Eco Team shall inform within 24 hours to the customer is inability perform due Force Majure situation. Once Inform Eco Team shall not be responsible for the non-performance of this contract in case of Force Majuro.



The above terms and condition are valid from the 1st of April 2017.

Discovering the Hidden Gems of Sri Lankan Nature

Enjoy the wildlife in peace and calm at the less crowded National Parks
Maduru Oya National Park
maduru oya

Established under the Mahaweli Development programme, the park was designated in November 1983 and provides a sanctuary for wildlife. A community of Vedda people, the indigenous ethnic group of Sri Lanka, live within the boundaries of the National Park. The park lies entirely in Sri Lanka’s dry zone, although the park’s southern boundary is near its intermediate zone.

Maduru Oya is well known for its Elephant habitat, but other than that, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Sambur, Spotted and Barking deer, Wild boar and Wild buffalo are also found here. The Toque macaque, Purple-faced langur, the nocturnal Slender loris, Porcupine, Black Naped Hare, Indian Pangolin and many varieties of squirrels are also found in the park.

More than a hundred species of birds are found at the park; some of them are the Lesser adjutant, Woolly-necked stork, Openbill and Painted stork, Greater racket-tailed drongo, Yellow-fronted barbet, Sri Lankan Junglefowl and Spurfowl.

maduru oya2Among the reptiles at the Maduru Oya National Park are the Common Monitor, Water Monitor, Black-tailed Python, Common Cobra, Mugger crocodile and estuarine crocodile.
This park is on the list of the least- visited parks in Sri Lanka and you will find complete tranquillity as you view its beautiful fauna and flora. Since it is home to the people of the Vedda community as well, you will find your experience most fascinating and enlightening.

Discover the hidden gems of Sri Lankan nature

Enjoy the wildlife in the peace and calm of the less visited National Parks

There are a plenty of opportunities when it comes to observing wildlife in Sri Lanka. During the peak season, you can get off the beaten track and pay a visit to Gal Oya National Park and see various kinds of birds, mammals, reptiles in their natural habitat.

Gal Oya National Park is located with the lake named by Senanayake Samudraya (Samudraya mean lake). This is the only national park located with a lake and where you can enjoy a boat safari as well. Crossing the Senanayake samudraya by boat is one way to access the National park. This park is located south-east of Sri Lanka. And the speciality here is you get to see Sri Lankan Elephants throughout the year. You can see around 32 mammals including Sri Lankan axis deer, muntjac, water buffalo, Sri Lankan sambar deer, Sri Lanka leopard, toque monkey, wild boar, mugger crocodile and the star tortoise.

More than 150 species of birds have been recorded in Gal Oya. The lesser adjutant, spot-billed pelican and red-faced malkoha are some of the park's resident birds. The Indian cormorant, Oriental darter, grey heron, lesser whistling duck, white-bellied sea eagle, and grey-headed fish eagle , raptors. Gal Oya National Park's butterfly species include the endemic lesser albatross.

The best time to visit Gal Oya National Park is from March to July. During this period you get to witness elephants swimming and join in with a Jeep safari, Boat safari, Night Safari, a Cycling tour and even bird watching at Gal Oya National Park.



Exclusive Wildlife Tours Sri Lanka

Enjoy wildlife holidays in Sri Lanka at their very best with Wildlife Tours Sri Lanka. These Sri Lankan wildlife tours allow you to experience multiple national parks around the island in a relatively short time span. These Sri Lanka Wildlife Tours can be customised to your needs, and can last anywhere from a week to two weeks, depending on the tour and the attractions. Be prepared to travel across this tiny island with your cameras at the ready, as the wildlife is guaranteed to be amazing and your trip is guaranteed to be fun and exciting.

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Birding Tours Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka a prime bird watching destination guarantees to give the noviceand veteran level bird watchers an excitement filled tour like no other which is brilliantly tailored for you by us at wildlife tours Sri Lanka.


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Discover Sri Lanka with Wildlife 

Sri Lanka is a mosaic of culture, history, tradition, nature, and modernism that are intertwined in all dimensions. No trip to this tiny nation can ever be described as dull. You can often choose to go on a trip where you get to see the cultural attractions of Sri Lanka or the wildlife in Sri Lanka, but our Discover Sri Lanka with Wildlife tours provide you with Wildlife Holidays in Sri Lanka with a difference – we have them combined.

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Wildlife Safaris Sri Lanka

When it comes to Wildlife Holidays in Sri Lanka, one cannot go without indulging themselves in a Safari. We at Wildlife Tours will guarantee to satisfy your hunger for an authentic wildlife safari within the country's own National Parks itself.


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Wildlife Excursions in Sri Lanka

For those who love nature but only have a limited amount of time to spare or for those who would like to dip their toes in the experience that is the Wildlife of Sri Lanka, Wildlife Tours Sri Lanka brings you overnight excursions to some of Sri Lanka’s wildlife hotspots. From Yala National Park with its leopard density to Udawalawe National Park with its massive numbers of elephants to Wilpattu National Park, Sri Lanka’s largest and oldest national park, there are experiences that only Wildlife Tours Sri Lanka can provide at this level.

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 5 star rating

The trip you suggested and organized through Eco Team gave us a good overview. We liked specially the Mahoora Explorer in Wilpattu and Udawalawe.

Anita & Ueli Letsch - Switzerland
29th March 2017

 5 star rating

Everyone has been so friendly and helpful. We have had such an excellent trip. The safaris in Yala and Udawalawe were a wonderful experience. We have many memories to take home and we saw so many wildlife. Chauffeur Guide were knowledgeable. The Big Game safari Camps were excellent, best service we have ever had. Attention to details very welcoming and food very good.

Mark Foyn - England
1st August 2017

5 star rating

Rukan was wonderful and we enjoyed his careful driving as well as his company throughout our journey. His English is very good and we had great conversations. It was nice to gain insight into the history and culture of Sri Lanka by speaking with him.
Our safari guide in Yala (Kasun) was the best! We saw 6 leopards and 3 sloth bears over the course of 4 outings. Compliments to him and the driver. I was worried that 4 safaris would not be enough, but that turned out not to be the case with their expert tracking skills.

We really enjoyed most of the lodges, especially Kings Pavilion, Chena Huts and Buckingham Place. Great rooms, service, and restaurants. Both Buckingham and Kings Pavilion surprised Rick with birthday cakes either in our room or at dinner. Buckingham also had a special table set up for us with flowers and decorations and the staff presented a birthday card signed by all of them!

All the food was wonderful both at the buffets and when ordering a la carte from menus. Pack meals during safaris were also very good with plenty of variety.

We both had a great time in your beautiful country. Thank you for all your help in planning this adventure. I would definitely recommend Eco Tours to my friends and family if they ever want to visit Sri Lanka. You really made us feel special.

Elaine Lee, USA

Head Office : 20/63, Fairfield Garden, Colombo 08, Sri Lanka  | Hotline : (+94)70 222 8222  |  Email: info@wildlifetourssrilanka.com

Wildlife Tours Sri Lanka is a venture by Sri Lanka's premier adventure operator Eco Team Pvt Ltd.

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